Updated: May 16, 2020
Epilepsy is one of the world’s oldest non-communicable conditions. Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of the brain characterized by recurrent seizures, which are brief episodes of involuntary movement that may involve a part of the body or the entire body. It may be accompanied by loss of consciousness and control of bowel or bladder function. The seizures are a result of excessive electrical discharges in the brain cells. Seizures can vary from the briefest lapses of attention or muscle jerks to severe and prolonged convulsions. Seizures can be infrequent as 1 per year to several per day. Epilepsy is defined as having 2 or more unprovoked seizures, thus, a once in a life time seizure will not be classified as epilepsy. Epilepsy is more common in children and in adults older than 65 but may occur at any age. In many parts of the world stigma surrounds the condition making it difficult for sufferers to seek medical help.
Causes of epilepsy is classified into three: